The next cooking workshop at the Flavour Academy was dedicated to the seniors' diet. What is the diet of an average senior like, what should it be like and what should be done to modify it – those were the main topics of the workshop.
The workshop was attended by seniors, bloggers and editors of the “Kukbuk” magazine. The programme included both joint preparation of dishes that are appropriate for the elderly and theme presentations. Laura Osęka, a psychodietician and nutrition educator, presented the psychological aspects of nutrition for seniors. Our health changes significantly as we progress in age. Some changes are directly related to our eating habits (digestive disorders, loss of appetite, deteriorating dental condition, a poorer sense of taste and smell). Senior-aged people often do not know enough about proper nutrition. At the same time, a poorer life status, loneliness or not being able to go shopping have a negative impact on their diet. Undernourishment of elderly people is a crucial social problem. Their average menu is monotonous and poor in nutrients (not enough valuable proteins, vegetables and fruit, too much processed food and refined sugar).
What are the basic principles of a well-balanced diet for a senior-aged person? A senior's food energy demand is at least 10% lower than that of an adult, whereas the demand for vitamins and mineral elements shows an increase. As a rule, an elderly person's diet should consist of 60% carbohydrates, 20% proteins and 20% fats. A senior's plate must contain lean meat, oily fish, quality cereal products, dairy products, nuts, grain, vegetables, fruit and large quantities of water. It is the younger generation, i.e. the children and grandchildren, that has to take care of a senior's diet to a large extent. How can this be done? Join the seniors for the meal as often as you can, and eat the same stuff as they do (just use other spices); prepare interesting, artful meals, and help them choose inexpensive but healthy products. You will find several ideas for good-tasting, simple and inexpensive dishes for senior-aged people in the section “A Senior's Health”.
Proteins are of utmost importance in a senior's diet. Proteins are provided first of all by quality meat. Pork is certainly a good choice. The master chef at the Konstancin-Zdrój Spa Complex Łukasz Konik, who cooperates with Sokołów, discussed this issue during the workshop. Pork is low in fat (15% less than 20 years ago), low in cholesterol and contains saturated fats, valuable vitamins and elements. While cooking together with two master chefs, Łukasz Konik and Dominik Moskalenko, the participants of the workshop had the opportunity to learn how to make attractive and healthy dishes with pork.